Historical Mysteries

Ep 152: The Voynich Manuscript Part 2

Undated photograph of Wilfrid Voynich, about 48 years old, by F. Hollyer. From the Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Digital Collection.

 
 

We all want to know what the Voynich means, but most would-be interpreters begin with their own preconceptions, and their attempts to demystify the medieval past only serve to mystify it further, making the Voynich into a telling avatar of our vexed relationship with the past.

Paraphrased from an August 14, 2019 Washington Post Article entitled “Why do people keep convincing themselves they’ve solved this medieval mystery?” by Lisa Fagin Davis, Executive Director of the Medieval Academy of America

 

Background:

Since its modern discovery, no other medieval manuscript has seen as much media attention or scholarly scrutiny as the Voynich Manuscript. No doubt this is due to the fantastical strangeness of its mystery, which is also the same reason it continually captures the imagination of the public. Because it would seem, the bigger the mystery, the bigger the reward for its solving. Like with any enduring enigma, the manuscript has attracted its share of sleuths who have claimed they've been the ones to at least gain an insight into a solution. Their confidence may be due to another mystical property of the manuscript. If one looks hard enough for evidence to make their preconceived hypothesis work, they will find some within its pages. However, why such interest and debate over this old book? Other than as a specimen of 600-year-old "folk art," what is the worth of a book no one can read? Because the Voynich Manuscript still holds the promise of revealing secret knowledge that could help humanity, and it has always been extremely satisfying to discover that which has been lost.

 
 
 

Location:

Villa Mondragone in an area called, from its many castles and villas, Castelli Romani about 12 miles (20 km) southeast of Rome, near the ancient town of Tusculum, where rare book and antiques dealer Wilfrid Voynich purchased the mysterious manuscript named after him, from a trunk reportedly once belonging to Athanasius Kircher.

 

Reference Links:

 

Related Books:

The Voynich Manuscript
Yale University Press
Codex Seraphinianus
By Luigi Serafini
 

Fire Protection specialist Greg Schmitz dispels some myths about Halon fire suppression:

Hi guys, 

Love the show! I was listening to your most recent episode about the Voynich Manuscript when I heard a couple common myths repeated regarding fire suppression systems. I’m a senior fire protection technician for a Los Angeles based company with 12 years experience, and a lot of people have similar misconceptions about fire suppression systems. 

I’m glad that the library has a clean agent system installed to protect these priceless artifacts, but there’s no need to worry about life safety issues from these systems. They are expertly designed, have an excellent safety record, and when maintained properly, are there to protect property while also being safe for humans working in the area. 

Myth #1: Halon 1301 is toxic. 

While CO2 systems are designed for normally unoccupied spaces and use an agent concentration of around 45% (10% is immediately dangerous to human life), halon 1301 (bromotrifluoromethane) systems use around 5% for class A fires (paper, cloth, wood, etc.). Halon 1301 is lethal at around an 83% concentration in pure form, and around 14% once exposed to flame, as it breaks down into hydrogen bromide, hydrogen fluoride, and free halogens. However, these are extremely irritating and will make you want to get away quickly. These stats reflect use on class B (liquids) test fires, though, a class A fire in the incipient stage from burning documents would produce much less thermal decomposition byproducts, as they are smoldering, smokey fires which would set off the smoke detection and activate the suppression system quickly. That’s if a conservationist or librarian didn’t use a portable extinguisher first, which would likely be distilled water mist (safe) or another clean agent which would have similar properties to 1301 but are slightly more toxic (very safe, no worse than 1301.) At any rate, it’s safe to breathe the percentage of agent discharged to extinguish fire for 4-5 minutes, which gives plenty of time to escape. CO2 would prove lethal under the same circumstances. Keep in mind that the U.S. armed forces and NASA have used 1301 for years in spaces that can’t be evacuated or ventilated, like spacecraft and armored fighting vehicles in combat. 

Inergen was also mentioned. Inergen is similar in application to halon 1301, but is an inert gas mixture of nitrogen, argon, and CO2 proprietary to Ansul. It doesn’t create thermal decomposition byproducts like 1301, and is safe to breathe for around 4-5 minutes at the design concentration of around 35-40%. It starts becoming dangerous at 62% so there is about a 20% safety margin. With either of these products, evacuating ASAP is ideal, as it would be during any fire event anyway. Having both of these systems installed concurrently covering the same area would be unusual, but given the nature of the hazard, theoretically possible with approval from the authority having jurisdiction (fire inspector). 

Myth #2: Halon 1301 removes or “sucks all the oxygen out of the room.”

Again, it’s being confused with CO2. CO2 displaces oxygen, effectively smothering the fire. Halon 1301 works by interrupting the chemical chain reaction required for fire to sustain itself and grow. (The bromine in the compound is responsible for both its high effectiveness on fire, as well as its negative impact on the ozone layer.) Inergen does work by smothering, but retains a higher safety margin than CO2 and can therefore be used in normally occupied spaces. 

Myth#3: Halon is used in kitchens. 

Nope, and never was. CO2 was used in kitchen suppression systems early on, as was dry chemical but these offer no fuel securement. Once the gas or powder cloud dissipates, the fire could restart if the fuel remains hot or an external ignition source remains. Halon would offer similar limitations. The systems designs are also different. Kitchen systems are local application only, they apply agent to a specified area, i.e. appliances, duct, and plenum, whereas halon 1301 systems are total flooding. These systems fill an entire room up to the specified design concentration and hold it for a specified time period. The room must be relatively gas tight to hold the agent concentration, which commercial kitchens are not. They are open floor plan with massive ventilation fans, not suited at all for holding extinguishing gas. Modern kitchens use water-based wet chemical, which discharges as a spray and works through cooling and saponification to extinguish grease fires and keep them out. It’s a non-toxic mixture of water and potassium salts. 

Thanks for listening to my rant and keep up the great work! 

Sincerely, 

Greg Schmitz 

Frontier Fire Protection

 

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CREDITS:

Episode 152: The Voynich Manuscript Part 2.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Sound Design by Ryan McCullough; Tess Pfeifle, Producer and Lead Researcher; Research Support from the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2019 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 151: The Voynich Manuscript Part 1

 
 

“Well certainly the Voynich Manuscript is the ‘limit text’ of Western occultism. No one can read it. It is truly an occult book.”

– The late ethnobotanist, mystic, psychonaut, lecturer and author, Terence McKenna

 

Background:

At the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, there is a book with the catalog call number, MS 408. It is one of the most examined and researched manuscripts to date because it is one of the most enigmatic documents ever discovered. It was purchased in 1912 at Villa Mondragone in Italy by an antiquities dealer named Wilfrid Voynich, and since there is no discernible title for the book, it is more commonly known as the Voynich Manuscript. The text is written on around 240 pages of vellum and is comprised of over 170,000 characters in the form of a code that no cryptographer has yet been able to decipher from a known language. Equally puzzling are the illustrations which accompany the writing. Most seem to be botanical in content but mostly show no identifiable plants. Along with the drawings of strange flora are diagrams of astrological charts and primitive caricatures of nude women in ceremonial displays. However, is the purpose of this manual merely medicinal or could its secrets be of a more magical instruction? And who could be the author of such a baffling work, one who thought its knowledge was so precious or dangerous enough that it needed to remain secret to all but the truly enlightened, or only to themselves? Until a solution to the Voynich Manuscript is found, it contends for the title of the most mysterious book in the world.

 
 
 

Location:

Villa Mondragone in an area called, from its many castles and villas, Castelli Romani about 12 miles (20 km) southeast of Rome, near the ancient town of Tusculum, where rare book and antiques dealer Wilfrid Voynich purchased the mysterious manuscript named after him, from a trunk reportedly once belonging to Athanasius Kircher.

 
 
The Voynich Manuscript
Yale University Press
 

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CREDITS:

Episode 151: The Voynich Manuscript Part 1.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Sound Design by Ryan McCullough; Tess Pfeifle, Producer and Lead Researcher; Research Support from the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2019 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 148: Blood Báthory Part 2

Above image: A likeness of Elizabeth Báthory created from her physical description found in historical records. Historical Mixed Media Figure of Elizabeth Báthory produced by artist/historian George S. Stuart and photographed by Peter d'Aprix, from the George S. Stuart Gallery of Historical Figures® archive (http://www.galleryhistoricalfigures.com). Used by CC BY-SA 3.0

 
 

“See my hands, how cold they are?” “It is nothing, my Lady,” the guards assured her. “Will you not now retire for the night?” The next morning, August 25, 1614, hearing no movement, the guards entered her chamber and found her lying on the floor with her feet supported by a pillow. She was dead.

Paraphrased from Tony Thorne’s book Countess Dracula, from Bloomsbury Publishing.

 

Background:

We love to hate our villains as much as we love to love our heroes. And many of us have a morbid fascination with some of history's most sinister characters, perhaps as a means of understanding the darkest aspects of human behavior. But as is regularly the case, the truth behind the real nature and actions of historical figures we can only glean from the reporting of others in that age and often many years after. Even official accounts are just a widely agreed upon set of assessments by a group of people, each with their own biases and personal opinions. In other words, one person's villain can be another's hero, or at least grossly misunderstood. In the case of Elizabeth Báthory, the authorities finally took action against one of their own, leveling upon her a judgment that could appear both lenient and harsh, but in either case, revealing an investigation that would forever brand her as one of the evilest people in antiquity with her name living on in infamy. Whether or not the testimony against her had any truth to it at all or what the real motivation for her incarceration was, is still debated by historians and researchers. What is clear is that misery, violence, and torture were part of the norm for her time. Some would argue that the stories about her were exaggerations, and her deeds merely accepted practice by the aristocracy of the day. But does normalcy justify a person's acts of any era? Where is the unacceptable line of behavior, regardless of the epoch or social status? History has judged Elizabeth Báthory. How will you?

 
 

Location:

Čachtice Castle (pronounced Chack-teet-seh or Chack-teet-ski in Slovak) where Elizabeth Báthory lived and carried out most of her alleged crimes, until she was reportedly bricked up in a few of its rooms until her death in 1614. First built in the mid-13th century, the castle had undergone several periods of transformation and renovation until it was captured in 1708 in an uprising against the Habsburgs by the Hungarian rebels of Francis II Rákóczi , theorized to be the father of The Count of St. Germain. Today, the castle ruins are a tourist attraction in present-day Slovakia.

 
 

Reference Links:

 

Related Books:

 

Suggested Listening:

  • Family Ghosts podcast – Every house is haunted. In each episode of Family Ghosts, we investigate the true story behind a mysterious figure whose legend has followed a family for generations. Grandmothers who were secretly jewel smugglers, uncles who led double lives, siblings who vanished without a trace... these specters cast shadows over our lives in ways that might not be immediately obvious. But we are all formed in part by our familial collections of secrets, intrigues, and myths. And by engaging with each others’ legends, maybe we can see each others’ reality more clearly. On Family Ghosts, the families are real, the ghosts are metaphorical, and the truth is always relative. And there’s a new Season 2! New episodes come out every Wednesday, with stories like a 3-episode series on the Love Family Cult; the secrets revealed by a long lost stack of love letters; and a missing container of Chinese food that has haunted a family for 25 years! Apt Therapy says, "Each episode is not only utterly absorbing (like, edge-of-your-seat, nail-biting good), but like all good art, touches on universal feelings and themes: human resilience, trust, loyalty, betrayal, how well can any of us ever know each other?"

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CREDITS:

Episode 148: Blood Báthory Part 2.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Sound Design by Ryan McCullough; Tess Pfeifle, Producer and Lead Researcher; Research Support from the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2019 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 147: Blood Báthory Part 1

 
 

“I hesitate to bring the horrible crime to light, for I hardly believe that anyone will credit what I have uncovered, not only because it bloodily besmirches and brings disgrace upon the princely Báthorys who are deserving of the best from the Christians of this country, but because, moreover, the barbarity of it is so enormous, it will be a cause of eternal horror.”

– Jesuit Priest László Turóczi, as quoted by author Tony Thorne in his book, Countess Dracula

 

Background:

Countess Elizabeth Báthory was a Hungarian noblewoman and one of the most wealthy and powerful aristocrats in eastern Europe during the late 16th and early 17th centuries. Together with her husband Ferenc Nádasdy, a military hero known as the Black Knight of Hungary, Báthory held numerous estates, lands, and villages. She also currently holds the Guinness World Record for being the most prolific female serial killer and most prolific murderer of the western world. Báthory had been accused in the testimonies of over 300 witnesses and survivors of some of the most horrific tortures and murders imaginable before she was arrested, even by medieval standards. Her victims were her maidservants and lesser noble protégés, all girls, with some as young as ten years old. Years after her death, a legend had formed that Báthory had even routinely bathed in and possibly drank the blood of her virginal victims, believing that the pureblood had retained her beauty. Some claim that Báthory's story became the partial inspiration for Bram Stoker's Dracula, along with her more famous sanguinary neighbor, Vlad the Impaler. But were any of the accusations against Báthory true? Was she merely a victim herself of a political and gender-biased conspiracy aimed at confiscating her riches and properties? As we'll learn once again, the truth behind our legends is often shrouded in a fog of conjecture misting through a forest of unknowns. Join us tonight as we examine the case of Elizabeth Báthory who, regardless of her actual guilt or innocence, will be forever known as, "The Blood Countess."

 
 

Location:

Čachtice Castle (pronounced Chack-teet-seh or Chack-teet-ski in Slovak) where Elizabeth Báthory lived and carried out most of her alleged crimes, until she was reportedly bricked up in a few of its rooms until her death in 1614. First built in the mid-13th century, the castle had undergone several periods of transformation and renovation until it was captured in 1708 in an uprising against the Habsburgs by the Hungarian rebels of Francis II Rákóczi , theorized to be the father of The Count of St. Germain. Today, the castle ruins are a tourist attraction in present-day Slovakia.

 
 
 

Related Books:

 

Suggested Listening:

  • Family Ghosts podcast – Every house is haunted. In each episode of Family Ghosts, we investigate the true story behind a mysterious figure whose legend has followed a family for generations. Grandmothers who were secretly jewel smugglers, uncles who led double lives, siblings who vanished without a trace... these specters cast shadows over our lives in ways that might not be immediately obvious. But we are all formed in part by our familial collections of secrets, intrigues, and myths. And by engaging with each others’ legends, maybe we can see each others’ reality more clearly. On Family Ghosts, the families are real, the ghosts are metaphorical, and the truth is always relative. And there’s a new Season 2! New episodes come out every Wednesday, with stories like a 3-episode series on the Love Family Cult; the secrets revealed by a long lost stack of love letters; and a missing container of Chinese food that has haunted a family for 25 years! Apt Therapy says, "Each episode is not only utterly absorbing (like, edge-of-your-seat, nail-biting good), but like all good art, touches on universal feelings and themes: human resilience, trust, loyalty, betrayal, how well can any of us ever know each other?"

    Subscribe to Family Ghosts wherever you get your podcasts.

  • Two Girls One Ghost – is a new podcast hosted by Corinne and Sabrina. It's not what you think... or is it? It's not, it’s a paranormal comedy podcast! Who doesn’t love a good ghost story?! The hosts sure do and they bring you new haunting tales each week. Are you planning a hike? Not anymore! What about a trip abroad? You may want to rethink that... Pack your sage sticks and prepare to find out your favorite pizza place is anything but “family friendly.” They talk black eyed kids, shadow people, haunted prisons, exorcisms, visits from family members and pets, and everything in between. Listen closely and you may hear the occasional EVP! These girls are haunted... The best part? The Ghost who continually interferes with their recording making them the most haunted podcast in America. Join them every Sunday as they scare themselves, each other, and you! Have a ghost story of your own? Email twogirlsoneghostpodcast@gmail.com and you just may hear your story on the next “Encounters” episode. Two Girls One Ghost is available now on Apple Podcasts and all other listening destinations. See you on the other side!

 

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CREDITS:

Episode 147: Blood Báthory Part 1.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Sound Design by Ryan McCullough; Tess Pfeifle, Producer and Lead Researcher; Research Support from the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2019 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 138: Loftus Hall Part 2

Above image courtesy of Aiden Quigley, current owner of Loftus Hall and author Chris Rush, All Rights Reserved.

 
 

“The best way to drive out the devil, if he will not yield to texts of Scripture, is to jeer and flout him, for he cannot bear scorn.”

― Martin Luther

 

Background:

As it is said with legends, when you separate the wheat from the chaff, there is often a kernel of truth in them. So what is the truth about Loftus Hall? Whether the Devil himself came to visit this prominent family who can say with certainty, but it seems accurate that the real Anne Tottenham suffered so great an instance of emotional trauma that it left her to wither in a catatonic state for the rest of her short life. There may even be proof that she remained seated for years, staring out the window of her favorite room, waiting for her bewitching love to return. What is also known is that some occult force had disturbed the family and staff of the house so greatly and frequently thereafter, that Protestant nobility had broken with fierce tradition to seek help from a local Catholic priest. The much-beloved Father Thomas Broaders was called upon to exorcize the demonic presence and was successful, mostly. What remains true today is that Loftus Hall is a grand attraction, scarred by its history and haunted by a love lost.

 
 

Location:

Loftus Hall  – a large country house on the Hook peninsulaCounty Wexford, Ireland. Originally, on that site stood Redmond Hall.

 
 
 
 
 

Come meet Bigfoot legend Bob Gimlin with us in Fresno, CA, Saturday April 6, 2019 from 7:00 to 9:00 p.m. The event is produced by Jeffrey Gonzalez of the Paranormal Central YouTube channel and will be a rare and special occasion to meet Bob and purchase an autographed picture. Along with Roger Patterson, Bob Gimlin was a witness to one of the most shocking and controversial filmed encounters with Bigfoot ever captured, and certainly the most famous. Only 200 tickets at $20 each will be sold to see Bob in an intimate setting with a live studio audience, so don’t wait! Click HERE TO PURCHASE YOUR TICKETS or go to tinyurl.com/gimlin NOW!

 

Related Books:

 

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The Dark Myths Collective  

http://darkmyths.org/

 

CREDITS:

Episode 138: Loftus Hall Part 2.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Sound Design by Ryan McCullough; Tess Pfeifle, Producer and Lead Researcher; Research Support from the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2019 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 137: Loftus Hall Part 1

Above image courtesy of Aiden Quigley, current owner of Loftus Hall and author Chris Rush, All Rights Reserved.

 
 

“Here lies the body of Thomas Broaders.

Who did good and prayed for all.

And banished the Devil from Loftus Hall.”

– Epitaph on Father Thomas Broaders’ grave, 30 minutes north of the Hall in Horetown Cemetery, County Wexford

 

Background:

Loftus Hall is considered one of the most haunted residences in Ireland. But what made it that way? If you believe the local legend, it started when a mysterious stranger visited the Hall one dark and stormy night. During a game of cards, he would enchant the young mistress of the house. But with his true nature discovered, he would flee most violently and mystically, leaving the woman scarred for life. They would both routinely haunt the house since. If you believe the legend, then what drew the dark visitor to the Hall? Was it the fate of this noble family or could it have been the history of bloodshed on this land for a thousand years or more? Tonight, we examine the charmed, Irish history of Loftus Hall and the tale of a handsome devil who comes to call.

 
 

Location:

Loftus Hall  – a large country house on the Hook peninsulaCounty Wexford, Ireland. Originally, on that site stood Redmond Hall.

 
 
 

Related Books:

 

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The Dark Myths Collective  

http://darkmyths.org/

 

CREDITS:

Episode 137: Loftus Hall Part 1.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Sound Design by Ryan McCullough; Tess Pfeifle, Producer and Lead Researcher; Research Support from the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2019 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 134: Gremlins

Above original artwork by David Spencer. Follow him on Twitter @mischieffactory and check out his illustrations and designs for hire on his website: mischief-factory.com and also at: https://www.foliojr.com/david-spencer/

 
 
 

“I was a 22-year-old B-17 pilot and flight commander. I’m very aware of my surroundings, and as I go higher, I notice an unusual sound coming from the engine. The instruments went nuts. I look at my right and I see an entity staring at me. Then I look at the aircraft’s nose, and there’s another one, hanging in there. Dancing lizards.”

– Paraphrased account from WWII USAAF pilot known as “L.W.” From Cryptozoology News

 
 
 

Location:

Royal Air Force base Benson, one of three RAF aerodromes during WWII along with RAF Wick and RAF St. Eval, where the high-altitude Photographic Reconnaissance Units were stationed. The PRUs were among the first to popularize the Gremlins story amongst the British military.

 

Background:

Our legends and folklore must begin somewhere, and if not from the creative imagination of a single individual then perhaps they are born from the collective experiences of a particular group. While it is difficult to trace the exact nascency of certain legends, we may be able to get a clearer idea of where a specific mystical being came to be known, the gremlin. The British pilots and aircrew of the Royal Air Force during the WWI and WWII eras began to experience baffling and inexplicable problems with their aircraft and missions. Wires that appeared to have been chewed through, sand particles found in machinery where none should be, punctures and damage that was incomprehensible were just some of the numerous mysterious problems they encountered. But with no known cause, blame fell to the gremlin a mischievous goblin-like entity said to inhabit the skies and aerodromes of the RAF and who delighted in causing trouble for airmen. Although rationality would suggest the gremlin was an invention of highly-stressed personnel looking for a comical and morale-boosting scapegoat for their problems, there are reports from veterans who claim to have seen these destructive imps in action. If true, then we must wonder if the creature creates the legend or if the legend creates the creature. Join us as we examine the discovery of a 20th-century folktale which just may be related to the ancient Wee Folk of nature.

 
 

Related Books:

The Gremlins
By Roald Dahl
The Spirit of St. Louis
By Charles A. Lindbergh
Good Faeries/Bad Faeries
By Brian Froud
Gremlin Trouble Volume 1
By E. T. Bryan, Elizabeth Bryan
Gremlins
Starring Zach Galligan, Phoebe Cates, Hoyt Axton, Polly Holliday, Frances Lee McCain
 

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  • quip – Chances are, you're probably not brushing your teeth the way your dentist would like you to, but now there's an effective, affordable and cool way to get the job done right and without having to spend a lot of money on one of those expensive electric toothbrushes you've seen in stores that clutter up your counter.  quip is a slim and elegant electric toothbrush that delivers oral care the way dentists would prefer, with gentle sonic vibrations and pulses to guide you through the recommended two minutes of cleaning.  quip comes with a suction mount that adheres right to your mirror so it's out of the way and unsticks to use as a hygienic cover that's perfect for travel.  quip starts at just $25 and their optional subscription plan for new brush heads isn't just convenient, it's dentist-recommended for maximum oral health, with replacements arriving every 3 months for just $5 and free worldwide shipping is included!  Go to getquip.com/LEGENDS right now and you'll get your first refill pack FREE with a quip electric toothbrush!

  • SimpliSafe – SimpliSafe is the modern home security system that’s ready for anything that gets thrown at it. Your power goes out? SimpliSafe is still at the ready. If an intruder cuts your phone line, smashes your keypad or destroys the siren, SimpliSafe will still get you the help you need fast. Easy to install and easy to use, SimpliSafe provides you with professional security monitoring 24/7 to make sure the police are on the way when you need them. The security sensors are tiny, blending in with your home so you won’t notice them, blanketing your whole home with protection. There are no contracts and no hidden fees. The Verge calls SimpliSafe “the best home security” and it’s a Wirecutter top pick. Go to SimpliSafe.com/AL today and get FREE SHIPPING on any system order. Give your home and family the protection and peace of mind they deserve.

  • HARRY’SHARRY’S delivers a close, comfortable shave at a reasonable price, with German engineered blades for as low as $2 each and a 4.5 out of 5-Star rating on Trustpilot, it’s a razor that comes with a 100% Quality Guarantee – if you or the person you’re getting if for doesn’t love it, returns are quick and hassle-free. You can also make it special with a personal engraving option and in your or their favorite colors. Still not convinced? Find out for yourself how smooth and inexpensive shaving SHOULD be, by going to Harrys.com/LEGENDS to get a HARRY’S Trial Shaving Set – a $13 Value! Each Trial Set comes with a weighted, ergonomic handle; German Engineered 5-blade cartridges, rich lathering shave gel; and a travel cover to protect your blades. Go to Harrys.com/LEGENDS and enter Promo Code LEGENDS at checkout to get your Trial Set and support the show today!

  • Mack Weldon is back with an even greater selection of the most comfortable and well-made underwear, socks, shirts, undershirts, hoodies, sweatpants and more that you will ever wear! And they keep designing new items all the time, like with their new Ace Sweatpant and their Radius and Sunday Lounge pants.  Stylish design and precision construction combined with cutting-edge fabrics like those with anti-microbial silver particles ensure you get a cool, cozy fit and long-lasting durability.  Also, their website couldn't be easier to shop and find exactly what you're looking for, so go on over to MackWeldon.com and use our Promo Code "LEGENDS" at check-out to get 20% OFF your first order!

 

The Dark Myths Collective  

http://darkmyths.org/

 

CREDITS:

Episode 134 Gremlins.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Sound Design by Ryan McCullough; Tess Pfeifle, Producer and Lead Researcher; Research Support from the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2019 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 121: Yokai Horrors of Japan

 
 
 

“KA-TA-SHI-HA-YA, E-KA-SE-NI-KU-RI-NI, TA-ME-RU-SA-KE, TE-E-He, A-SHI-E-He, WA-RE-SHI-KO-NI-KE-RI”

– A magic spell from the Shugaisho Japanese encyclopedia that when chanted, will protect you from Hyakki Yagyo or the dreaded “Night Parade of 100 demons.”

 
 
 

Location:

The Gifu Prefecture of Japan, where some believe the legend of Kuchisake-onna may have began.

 

Background:

The folkloric traditions of Japan are as rich and vibrant as the country itself, and this is especially true with their pantheon of supernatural characters collectively known as Yokai. The word Yokai in Japanese comprises two concepts: "Yo," meaning: bewitching; attractive; calamity; and "kai," meaning "a mystery, wonder or specter; apparitions; something mysterious or suspicious." There are so many types of Yokai, each with their own unique personalities, functions, and behaviors that it's assured both of those concepts are well-represented. Some Yokai are merely mischievous pranksters and can bring good fortune to those that encounter them. Others will surely bring a most gruesome death. Join us tonight as we speak with illustrator and author Matthew Meyer, creator of Yokai.com, as we explore the endlessly fascinating world of some of Japan's most popular and terrifying mythical creatures. But don't let your guard down too much, because as it's often said, there is some truth to the origin of most myths and deadly spirits know no borders.

 
 
Gazu hyakki yagyo
By Toriyama Sekien
 
 

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The Dark Myths Collective  

http://darkmyths.org/

 

CREDITS:

Episode 121: Yokai Horrors of Japan.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Ryan McCullough and John Bolen Sound Design; Research Assistance by Tess Pfeifle and the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2018 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 112: Mystery of the Flannan Isles Lighthouse Part 2

 
 
 

"The seas around Scotland and the Scottish coastline itself have never been a place for the faint-hearted mariner." – Author Keith McCloskey

 
 
 

Location:

The lighthouse on Eilean Mòr, near the highest point in the Flannan Isles in the Outer Hebrides off the west coast of Scotland.  More pictures of the lighthouse can be found here: http://tinyurl.com/flannan  

 

Background:

Many people enjoy a good mystery.  However, mysteries often leave us slightly disturbed and unsettled, because we're also always searching for answers and when we look for answers, we're sometimes comforted the most by the simplest explanations.  With the case of the Flannan Isle Lighthouse Keepers, most are willing to accept that a massive "Rogue Wave" swept the three men into oblivion.  But what if meteorological science matched against clues left from the scene could show that this theory may not be the most plausible?  What if several simple, yet extreme events combined to plunge this mystery into the depths of the unexplained?  Join us tonight as we interview Keith McCloskey, author of the book, The Lighthouse: The Mystery of the Eilean Mòr Lighthouse Keepers.  We'll discuss his in-depth research into the case and the possibility that the simplest explanations, while the easiest to accept, are often not where the real truth lies submerged.

 
 

Related Books:

Stephen Liddell
By Stephen Liddell

Events:

Meet & Greet Scott & Forrest and Aaron & Justin from the  Generation Why Podcast  at the  Elks Lodge  at 8:00 p.m. on July 19, 2018, in Atchison, Kansas, in conjunction with the  Chasing Earhart Project's Discussion Panel  at the  Amelia Earhart Festival ! Like the  Discussion Panel , the event is free, but please go to  Chasing Earhart's Facebook page to RSVP  and let 'em know you're coming – it's gonna be a blast!

Meet & Greet Scott & Forrest and Aaron & Justin from the Generation Why Podcast at the Elks Lodge at 8:00 p.m. on July 19, 2018, in Atchison, Kansas, in conjunction with the Chasing Earhart Project's Discussion Panel at the Amelia Earhart Festival! Like the Discussion Panel, the event is free, but please go to Chasing Earhart's Facebook page to RSVP and let 'em know you're coming – it's gonna be a blast!

And then Scott and Forrest will be on the  Chasing Earhart Discussion Panel  along with many other much more distinguished guests at  Benedictine College's O'Malley Auditorium  for the  Amelia Earhart Festival , July 21, 2018, at 2:00 p.m. in Atchison, Kansas. The festival runs from Friday, July 20, to Saturday, July 21, and full details of events and schedules can be found here:  http://visitatchison.com/event/amelia-earhart-festival/ . Get your tickets to the  Discussion Panel  here:  https://chasingearhart.app.rsvpify.com  and check out the Chasing Earhart Project's Facebook page for more info:  https://www.facebook.com/events/204863036728346/  Come be a part of history!

And then Scott and Forrest will be on the Chasing Earhart Discussion Panel along with many other much more distinguished guests at Benedictine College's O'Malley Auditorium for the Amelia Earhart Festival, July 21, 2018, at 2:00 p.m. in Atchison, Kansas. The festival runs from Friday, July 20, to Saturday, July 21, and full details of events and schedules can be found here: http://visitatchison.com/event/amelia-earhart-festival/. Get your tickets to the Discussion Panel here: https://chasingearhart.app.rsvpify.com and check out the Chasing Earhart Project's Facebook page for more info: https://www.facebook.com/events/204863036728346/ Come be a part of history!


Suggested Listening:

 

 

  • The Legend of Wandering John – Marty White has a new show out called The Legend of Wandering John, about a young, orphaned man who is compelled into a quest to learn the mystery surrounding his missing father, but which will also possibly lead him to cross paths with an ancient immortal, blessed, or cursed, to wander this earth until the end of time. The journey will take "John" into the dark depths of the supernatural, all while being hunted by a sinister force of unimaginable evil. The Legend of Wandering John is a fictional, serialized story, told in order and released every two weeks. You can CLICK HERE to find it on Libsyn, or CLICK HERE to find it on iTunes. And remember, with every fictional story, there can be a lot of mind-bending truth to them...


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  • Squarespace – Have something you need to sell or share with the world but don't have a website? Or maybe that old website of yours could use a serious style and functionality update but you don't think you have the time or money to pay someone to do it? Well, now you can do it yourself, stylishly and cost-effectively in very little time with Squarespace! With their large gallery of beautifully designed templates, eCommerce functionality, built-in Search Engine Optimization, free and secure hosting, and award-winning 24/7 Customer Support to guide you along the way, you'll be up and running on the Web in no time, with flair, ease and a choice of over 200 URL extensions to make you stand out! So what are you waiting for? Go to Squarespace.com/LEGENDS for a free trial and when you’re ready to launch, use the Offer Code "LEGENDS" to save 10% off your first purchase of a website or domain.

 

  • quip – Chances are, you're probably not brushing your teeth the way your dentist would like you to, but now there's an effective, affordable and cool way to get the job done right and without having to spend a lot of money on one of those expensive electric toothbrushes you've seen in stores that clutter up your counter. quip is a slim and elegant electric toothbrush that delivers oral care the way dentists would prefer, with gentle sonic vibrations and pulses to guide you through the recommended two minutes of cleaning. quip comes with a suction mount that adheres right to your mirror so it's out of the way and unsticks to use as a hygienic cover that's perfect for travel. quip starts at just $25 and their optional subscription plan for new brush heads isn't just convenient, it's dentist-recommended for maximum oral health, with replacements arriving every 3 months for just $5 and free worldwide shipping is included! Go to getquip.com/LEGENDS right now and you'll get your first refill pack FREE with a quip electric toothbrush!

 

  • The Great Courses Plus – Learn about virtually anything, now with over 10,000 lectures on almost any subject you can think of – from history and science to learning a new language, how to play an instrument or explore topics like food, the arts, travel, business, and self-improvement! And now their app lets you listen to just the audio from the courses or watch the videos, just like a podcast! Available for iOS and Android. See for yourself with this special offer: go to TheGreatCoursesPlus.com/LEGENDS to get UNLIMITED ACCESS to their ENTIRE LIBRARY of courses with a FREE ONE MONTH TRIAL! Sign up today and have endless fun improving yourself!

 

  • Euphomet – From Skylark Media, the producers of the wildly popular Hunt A Killer comes a brand new and fascinating podcast called Euphomet. Hosted by Jim Perry, Euphomet explores real-life paranormal experiences and will captivate anyone curious about the unknown. Regarded by Bustle Magazine as "The podcast that will keep you up all night," their immersive stories will take you closer to the anomalous than ever before with REAL stories from REAL people. You can also join their Facebook group, The Society of Euphomet where like-minded people discuss the unknown and our relationship to it. Euphomet releases new shows on Tuesdays and can be found wherever you get your podcasts.

 

The Dark Myths Collective  

http://darkmyths.org/

 

CREDITS:

Episode 112: Mystery of the Flannan Isles Lighthouse Part 2.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Ryan McCullough Sound Design; Research Assistance by Tess Pfeifle and the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2018 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 111: Mystery of the Flannan Isles Lighthouse

 
 
 

We seemed to stand for an endless while,
Though still no word was said,
Three men alive on Flannan Isle,
Who thought, on three men dead.

– From the Poem, Flannan Isle by Wilfred Wilson Gibson

 
 
 

Location:

The lighthouse on Eilean Mòr, near the highest point in the Flannan Isles in the Outer Hebrides off the west coast of Scotland.  More pictures of the lighthouse can be found here: http://tinyurl.com/flannan  

 

Background:

In 1899, construction on the Flannan Isles lighthouse was completed, perched atop Eilean Mòr, one of the highest points in the Outer Hebrides off the western coast of Scotland.  It would soon experience its first tragedy and an enduring mystery.  For several days, it's light could not be seen and on December 15, 1900, the ship Archtor documented this concern in its log while heading to port in Leith.  However, 11 days would pass before the lighthouse tending ship Hesperus would be able to dock at Eilean Mòr due to foul weather, for which the area is well-known.  What they discovered, or rather, didn't discover, would lead to one of the biggest mysteries of this enchanted region.  Serious storm damage was evident on the island, but nothing seemed amiss inside the lighthouse itself except for the fact that the three lighthouse keepers had vanished and would never be seen again.  

 
 

Related Books:


Events:

Meet & Greet Scott & Forrest and Aaron & Justin from the  Generation Why Podcast  at the  Elks Lodge  at 8:00 p.m. on July 19, 2018, in Atchison, Kansas, in conjunction with the  Chasing Earhart Project's Discussion Panel  at the  Amelia Earhart Festival !  Like the  Discussion Panel , the event is free, but please go to  Chasing Earhart's Facebook page to RSVP  and let 'em know you're coming – it's gonna be a blast!  

Meet & Greet Scott & Forrest and Aaron & Justin from the Generation Why Podcast at the Elks Lodge at 8:00 p.m. on July 19, 2018, in Atchison, Kansas, in conjunction with the Chasing Earhart Project's Discussion Panel at the Amelia Earhart Festival!  Like the Discussion Panel, the event is free, but please go to Chasing Earhart's Facebook page to RSVP and let 'em know you're coming – it's gonna be a blast!  

And then Scott and Forrest will be on the  Chasing Earhart Discussion Panel  along with many other much more distinguished guests at  Benedictine College's O'Malley Auditorium  for the  Amelia Earhart Festival , July 21, 2018, at 2:00 p.m. in Atchison, Kansas.  The festival runs from Friday, July 20, to Saturday, July 21, and full details of events and schedules can be found here:  http://visitatchison.com/event/amelia-earhart-festival/ .  Get your tickets to the  Discussion Panel  here:  https://chasingearhart.app.rsvpify.com  and check out the Chasing Earhart Project's Facebook page for more info:  https://www.facebook.com/events/204863036728346/   Come be a part of history!

And then Scott and Forrest will be on the Chasing Earhart Discussion Panel along with many other much more distinguished guests at Benedictine College's O'Malley Auditorium for the Amelia Earhart Festival, July 21, 2018, at 2:00 p.m. in Atchison, Kansas.  The festival runs from Friday, July 20, to Saturday, July 21, and full details of events and schedules can be found here: http://visitatchison.com/event/amelia-earhart-festival/.  Get your tickets to the Discussion Panel here: https://chasingearhart.app.rsvpify.com and check out the Chasing Earhart Project's Facebook page for more info: https://www.facebook.com/events/204863036728346/  Come be a part of history!


Suggested Listening:

The Legend of Wandering John – Marty White has a new show out called The Legend of Wandering John, about a young, orphaned man who is compelled into a quest to learn the mystery surrounding his missing father, but which will also possibly lead him to cross paths with an ancient immortal, blessed, or cursed, to wander this earth until the end of time.  The journey will take "John" into the dark depths of the supernatural, all while being hunted by a sinister force of unimaginable evil.  The Legend of Wandering John is a fictional, serialized story, told in order and released every two weeks.  You can CLICK HERE to find it on Libsyn, or CLICK HERE to find it on iTunes.  And remember, with every fictional story, there can be a lot of mind-bending truth to them...


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  • MAFIA – The hit new show Mafia, an audioBoom original, is back for its second season!  Mafia takes you on an in-depth tour of America’s seedy and violent criminal underworld, exploring the lives and careers of the most powerful gangsters the world has ever seen.  Mobsters like Carmine Galante, Allen Dorfman, Santo Trafficante, Albert Anastasia, Anthony Spilotro, and Joseph Massino are investigated and examined, revealing how they built their criminal empires and how they were eventually brought to justice.  If you like True Crime, it doesn't get any more true or criminal than this!  You can find MAFIA on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, and every other listening destination.
 

The Dark Myths Collective  

http://darkmyths.org/

 

CREDITS:

Episode 111: Mystery of the Flannan Isles Lighthouse Part 1.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Ryan McCullough Sound Design; Research Assistance by Tess Pfeifle and the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2018 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 110: Göbekli Tepe Part 3

Above image: "(KJV) illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible; illustrated by Gerard Hoet (1648–1733) and others, and published by P. de Hondt in The Hague; image courtesy Bizzell Bible Collection, University of Oklahoma Libraries"  Public Domain.

 
 
 

“Many people say I believe aliens built the pyramids. I don't. In fact, I'm not a supporter of the "Ancient Alien" hypothesis at all.  I think a lost human civilization is a much better explanation of the mysteries and paradoxes of ancient cultures.” – Graham Hancock, Author

 
 
 

Location:

Göbekli Tepe, ancient archaeological dig site, dated more than 11,000 years ago to about 9600 B.C. in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey, about 7 miles (12 km) northeast of the city of Şanlıurfa.  

 

Background:

Something or someone of great importance and influence had convinced and motivated these neolithic hunter-gatherers to put their way of life on hold and come together as a group to undertake such a tremendous project as Göbekli Tepe.  This is likely the first time hundreds of prehistoric peoples had formed an organized collective in order to build a religious sanctuary. The work would've taken years to accomplish and the temple would be built upon for many centuries more.  The result of this work is believed to have spurred civilization as we know it today.  But what beliefs or legends could have generated such a monumental task?  In Part Three of our series, we examine the hypotheses put forth in Andrew Collins' book, Göbekli Tepe, Genesis of the Gods: The Temple of the Watchers and the Discovery of Eden.  With his comprehensive and detailed research, Collins goes beyond the boundaries of interpretation where Processual archaeologists would not stray. Could the memory of a global, natural catastrophe which nearly wiped out humanity be the impetus for creating a shrine to assuage the gods into sparing them more devastation?  Could the builders have been directed by foreign and mysterious visitors who seemed to have knowledge of the heavens and history far beyond their own?  If they did indeed fear destruction from the cosmos, then a connection from them to us could be made, because we're subject to those very same dangers. 

 

Reference Links: 

 

Related Books:

 

Events:

Meet & Greet Scott & Forrest and Aaron & Justin from the  Generation Why Podcast  at the  Elks Lodge  at 8:00 p.m. on July 19, 2018, in Atchison, Kansas, in conjunction with the  Chasing Earhart Project's Discussion Panel  at the  Amelia Earhart Festival ! Like the  Discussion Panel , the event is free, but please go to  Chasing Earhart's Facebook page to RSVP  and let 'em know you're coming – it's gonna be a blast!

Meet & Greet Scott & Forrest and Aaron & Justin from the Generation Why Podcast at the Elks Lodge at 8:00 p.m. on July 19, 2018, in Atchison, Kansas, in conjunction with the Chasing Earhart Project's Discussion Panel at the Amelia Earhart Festival! Like the Discussion Panel, the event is free, but please go to Chasing Earhart's Facebook page to RSVP and let 'em know you're coming – it's gonna be a blast!

And then Scott and Forrest will be on the  Chasing Earhart Discussion Panel  along with many other much more distinguished guests at  Benedictine College's O'Malley Auditorium  for the  Amelia Earhart Festival , July 21, 2018, at 2:00 p.m. in Atchison, Kansas. The festival runs from Friday, July 20, to Saturday, July 21, and full details of events and schedules can be found here:  http://visitatchison.com/event/amelia-earhart-festival/ . Get your tickets to the  Discussion Panel  here:  https://chasingearhart.app.rsvpify.com  and check out the Chasing Earhart Project's Facebook page for more info:  https://www.facebook.com/events/204863036728346/  Come be a part of history!

And then Scott and Forrest will be on the Chasing Earhart Discussion Panel along with many other much more distinguished guests at Benedictine College's O'Malley Auditorium for the Amelia Earhart Festival, July 21, 2018, at 2:00 p.m. in Atchison, Kansas. The festival runs from Friday, July 20, to Saturday, July 21, and full details of events and schedules can be found here: http://visitatchison.com/event/amelia-earhart-festival/. Get your tickets to the Discussion Panel here: https://chasingearhart.app.rsvpify.com and check out the Chasing Earhart Project's Facebook page for more info: https://www.facebook.com/events/204863036728346/ Come be a part of history!


Suggested Listening:

Marie Mayhew, founding A.R.C. member and co-host of The Mad Scientist Podcast with Dr. Chris Cogswell has her own podcast now, called The Whatever Remains Podcast!  With sharp writing and in-depth research, Marie explores the worlds of international mystery, political intrigue, and vicious conspiracies, all with her fearless, inimitable style!  Search for her show on iTunes or wherever you get great podcasts or CLICK HERE to listen to episode #1 right now!

 

SPECIAL OFFERS FROM OUR SPECIAL SPONSORS:

  • The Great Courses Plus – Learn about virtually anything, now with over 10,000 lectures on almost any subject you can think of – from history and science to learning a new language, how to play an instrument or explore topics like food, the arts, travel, business, and self-improvement! And now their app lets you listen to just the audio from the courses or watch the videos, just like a podcast! Available for iOS and Android. And this great deal for your mind & body is even better for your wallet because if you go to TheGreatCoursesPlus.com/LEGENDS not only can you get a special, limited time only offer of a FREE ONE MONTH TRIAL but now your second month is only .99¢! This offer is only good for a few weeks, so sign up today to get unlimited access to their entire, massive library for under a dollar!

 

  • Squarespace – Have something you need to sell or share with the world but don't have a website? Or maybe that old website of yours could use a serious style and functionality update but you don't think you have the time or money to pay someone to do it? Well, now you can do it yourself, stylishly and cost-effectively in very little time with Squarespace! With their large gallery of beautifully designed templates, eCommerce functionality, built-in Search Engine Optimization, free and secure hosting, and award-winning 24/7 Customer Support to guide you along the way, you'll be up and running on the Web in no time, with flair, ease and a choice of over 200 URL extensions to make you stand out! So what are you waiting for? Go to Squarespace.com/LEGENDS for a free trial and when you’re ready to launch, use the Offer Code "LEGENDS" to save 10% off your first purchase of a website or domain.

 

  • quip – Chances are, you're probably not brushing your teeth the way your dentist would like you to, but now there's an effective, affordable and cool way to get the job done right and without having to spend a lot of money on one of those expensive electric toothbrushes you've seen in stores that clutter up your counter. quip is a slim and elegant electric toothbrush that delivers oral care the way dentists would prefer, with gentle sonic vibrations and pulses to guide you through the recommended two minutes of cleaning. quip comes with a suction mount that adheres right to your mirror so it's out of the way and unsticks to use as a hygienic cover that's perfect for travel. quip starts at just $25 and their optional subscription plan for new brush heads isn't just convenient, it's dentist-recommended for maximum oral health, with replacements arriving every 3 months for just $5 and free worldwide shipping is included! Go to getquip.com/LEGENDS right now and you'll get your first refill pack FREE with a quip electric toothbrush!

 

  • ZipRecruiter – Need to fill a work position fast but don't have time to sift through hundreds of résumés just hoping you'll find the right person? Then ZipRecruiter is your effective, one-stop solution! ZipRecruiter’s powerful matching technology scans thousands of résumés to find people with the right experience and invites them to apply to your job. As applications come in, ZipRecruiter analyzes each one and spotlights the top candidates so you never miss a great match. In fact, they're so effective that 80% of employers who post on ZipRecruiter get a quality candidate through the site within the first day. With results like that, it’s no wonder that ZipRecruiter is the highest rated hiring site in America! And now you can try ZipRecruiter FOR FREE by going to ZipRecruiter.com/LEGENDS

 

The Dark Myths Collective  

http://darkmyths.org/

 

CREDITS:

Episode 110: Göbekli Tepe Part 3.  Produced by Scott Philbrook & Forrest Burgess; Audio Editing by Sarah Vorhees Wendel; Ryan McCullough Sound Design; Research Assistance by Tess Pfeifle and the astonishing League of Astonishing Researchers, a.k.a. The Astonishing Research Corps, or "A.R.C." for short. Copyright 2018 Astonishing Legends Productions, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Ep 109: Göbekli Tepe Part 2

Photo credit: Liangtai Lin, used with permission CC BY 2.0.  Taken on June 18, 2012

 
 
 

“We used to think agriculture gave rise to cities and later to writing, art, and religion.  Now the world’s oldest temple suggests the urge to worship sparked civilization.” – Journalist Charles C. Mann, National Geographic Magazine, June 2011

 
 
 

Location:

Göbekli Tepe, ancient archaeological dig site, dated more than 11,000 years ago to about 9600 B.C. in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey, about 7 miles (12 km) northeast of the city of Şanlıurfa.  

 

Background:

What we've learned so far about Göbekli Tepe, is what it appears to be, which is that it is possibly the world's oldest sacred temple.  We think we know who built it: a collective of hunter-gatherers, who had not yet learned the skills of farming.  We also think we know approximately when.  But the answers to the questions of how and why and what did it all mean to these Neolithic peoples may not be so easily obtained.  In fact, since the 1960s at least in American archaeology, a debate still rages as to how far and by what methods archaeologists should proceed to interpret what they have dug up.  How closely should archaeology be tied to anthropology, how much informed speculation about their beliefs should be allowed and by whom?  Processual and Post-processual archaeology are two schools of thought within the field that currently define this debate.   Tonight we take a closer look at the art, the architecture, and the symbolism from Göbelki Tepe, and what it's lead archaeologist, Klaus Schmidt, thought about what it may have represented to our prehistoric ancestors.  We also get closer to an even grander question, did these ancient peoples know of events in earth's past that would blow our modern minds? 

 
 

Related Books: