As far as lake monsters go, you’ve probably heard of Nessie...but have you heard of Ogopogo? Ogopogo hails from Canada’s Lake Okanagan and its legend goes back to the First Nations. Unlike the seemingly gentle Nessie, the folklore behind Ogopogo casts it as an aggressive, even bloodthirsty monster. But, could there be any truth behind this strange creature?

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The First Nations, specifically the Salish speaking tribes, have folklore that acknowledges a strange creature lurking in Lake Okanagan. However, they did not call this creature ‘Ogopogo’ instead, it was referred to as N’ha-a-itk, which roughly translates to ‘Lake Demon.’ It was also referred to as the snake-in-the-lake.

N’ha-a-itk ruled the lake with a harsh disregard for humans. If one expected safe passage across the lake, N’ha-a-itk demanded a sacrifice. Often, chickens and other small creatures were killed and then thrown in the water to honor N’ha-a-itk and ensure a safe journey. 

Based on the pictographs and on sightings that date back to the 1800s, Ogopogo is often described as a giant snake with shiny gray or green skin. Some reports also claim it has at least one hump and a head that looks like a snake, alligator, or other aquatic beast. There are some reports that claim the head has some sort of horns or antennas attached to it.

That first alleged sighting is believed to have occurred in 1860 or 1872, depending on what you believe. The 1860 account occurred on Rattlesnake Island. According to the tae, a man was on a team leading several swimming horses across the lake and passed by the island. Inexplicably, the horses began being pulled under the water by an unseen, magnificent force. 

But the legend of Ogopogo really took off in 1926, years before the infamous Nessie sighting. This sighting, unlike many cryptid sightings, was seen not by just a few people but over thirty eyewitnesses. The sighting was so well-regarded that it was even reported on by the Vancouver Sun. Roy W. Brown, the editor at the time wrote in the article: “Too many reputable people have seen [the monster] to ignore the seriousness of actual facts." 

Since these stories and sightings became popularized, sightings of Ogopogo have remained consistent.  John Kirk of the British Columbia Scientific Cryptozoology Club notes, "The catalogue of films and video of Ogopogo are more numerous and of better quality than anything I have personally seen at Loch Ness and I believe that several of them are very persuasive that a large, living, unknown creature inhabits the lake."

Thanks to Kendra P-G for this #Blogstonishing topic!

The above image is Okanagan Lake and steamboat, 1897. It is licensed under Public Domain. 

The Loveland Frogs

The sightings of the Loveland Frogs are some of the strangest in American cryptid history. Sometimes referred to as frogmen, these strange creatures were often spotted near water and, in particular, bridges. Sometimes witnesses described seeing these creatures as trolls or reptilians, but the defining features is that the Loveland Frogs are, without a doubt, frog-like.

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One of the first times the Loveland Frogs made their way into the National Cryptid Narrative was in 1955 when a traveling salesman happened upon a crew of them. He was headed down a quiet road late at night and slowed when he saw three figures standingly strangely in the dim glow of his headlights. As he approached what he thought were people, it soon became apparent that these creatures were not like him. He described the figures as standing bent over slightly on their hind legs, reaching about 4 feet tall, with leathery skin and, most shockingly, faces like frogs.

As the salesman approached cautiously in his car, he claims he saw the creatures seeming to engage in conversation. Then, as if out of a movie, one of the Frog People grasped a stick like a wand, and held it over its head as it emitted sparks. This frightened the salesman so completely he sped past the strange moonlit gathering.

Frightened and unsure what to do next, the salesman figured out where the police station was and quickly and strangely told his tale. The policemen seemed to have believed him enough to drive with him back to that lonely stretch of road...but they found nothing. However, it was noted that there was a strong, odd scent of alfalfa and almonds.

This story would fall into folkloric memory for over twenty years until another major sighting occurred in 1972. On St. Patrick’s Day, Ray Shockey got the shock of his life.  As he was cruising, he noticed what he believed to have been a dead dog on a bridge near Riverside Drive. However, when he approached the dog-like mass it rose and bore a frightening resemblance to a man-crossed-with-a-frog. Unsure of how to proceed and shaken up about what he had witnessed, he told the tale to fellow officer Mark Matthews who, later on, decided to investigate the scene.

Matthews was driving near the scene, along the Little Miami River, when he saw something strange and unnatural scurry across the road in front of him. He decided to shoot at the creature and even hit it. Matthews walked over trepidatiously to the body and realized the strange creature was simply an iguana without a tail, not a frogman at all. Shockey confirmed that the strange creature was exactly what he had seen and the case of the Loveland Frogs seemed to be solved.

However, the folklore continues and sightings do crop up now and again. So, are the Loveland Frogs simple misunderstandings of animals? Or, are there really strange frog-like people hidden away in Ohio?

This photo is of an Artist's impression of a Loveland frog at the side of the road and is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0.

Ohio Grassman

The Ohio Grassman is a legend that has persisted for nearly 150 years in Ohio. The first sightings date back to 1869. They described the being, which would later become know as the Ohio Grassman, as a large, hairy, bipedal creature that stood at a staggering nine feet tall.

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The Grassman is quite similar to Bigfoot based on description alone as it a large, hairy, bipedal creature. However, its behavior and habits set it apart from typical Bigfoot lore. The Grassman seems to largely eat tall grasses. In fact, that’s where The Ohio Grassman gets its name from! The Grassman is often seen around farms and especially eating tall grasses such as wheat. This is perhaps the reason it is so particular to Ohio, which has quite a bit of farmland. 150 years ago when the sightings first began, Ohio was quite underpopulated and there was plenty of water, places to shelter, and even game to hunt. Although it appears the Grassman’s main diet is wheat and other farm products when these are no longer available they could hunt game, which is plentiful.

In addition to a different diet, the Grassman also seems much more sociable than Bigfoot. Many Grassman sightings include more than one Grassman, and it is reported that mothers have been seen with babies.

One of the most famous sightings too place in 1978 at Evelyn and Howe Cayton’s home. The family was enjoying a quiet evening with their children, grandchildren, and a few friends. While Evelyn and Howe were relaxing in their home when suddenly their children and a few of their friends came screaming through the door, apparently scared to death. They told Evelyn and Howe that while they were playing outside they came across a monster in a gravel pit. Unsure of what to do but believed the fear of the children so the pair headed outside and saw a creature covered in dark hair that was about 7ft and around 300 pounds.  When asked, Evelyn said that the Grassman simply stood there...although she hightailed it out of there quickly after witnessing it.

This would not be the last time the Caytons would see this creature and they reported they saw it many more times. Sometimes they would simply smell that it had been there as it often left a strong rotten-eggs smell whenever it passed through.

The Caytons never reported to the creature stealing anything, disrupting the family, or acting aggressively which against puts it at odds against similar creatures like the Minerva Monster.

Thanks to Lea B for the #blogstonishing suggestion!

The above image is not directly related to the story. It is a farm in Ohio. The picture is entitled Remodeled house on Scioto Farms, Ohio and is made available thanks to the public domain.


The realm of the ocean is so unexplored that it almost makes sense that some rumored, but yet unseen, creatures may call this strange blue world home. One of these rumored creatures to exist in the great depths of the ocean is the Ningen. The being is huge, stark white, and vaguely humanoid (in fact, the Japanese characters that represent Ningen means humanoid: 人間).

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It was first allegedly spotted by a group of Japanese fishermen who were in the Arctic around 2007. Since then, it has only been sporadically seen and reported although it is becoming more and more well known. They seem to largely populate the icy and distant waters of Antarctica.

As mentioned above they are quite large, some reports saying up to 30 meters although some reports have been smaller. They are also a bright and obvious white, which attracts the human eye. In addition to their size and color, they are also quite humanoid. They have what appears to be a human-head-shaped head, as well as a short and thick neck. The Ningen also seems to have shoulders and two large, long and perhaps unjointed arms. The arms typically end in long fins that are reminiscent of hands, and some reports go as far as to say they have five fingers on the hand (which would seem to be a not very good advantage for swimming and swift movement). These are the main humanoid features, as it appears its torso and rest of its body ends in a tapering body ending in a fin.

In regards to the fact, although it appears human-like, it is flat and smooth and doesn’t seem to have any discernible features besides two very large eyes (which are typically linked to creatures who inhabit the deep ocean) and a long, thin slit for a mouth.

Although it is shocking that something this big could go unnoticed or unremarked, one should consider the giant squid. The first images ever of giant live squid were discovered by researchers in Japan in 2004, and the first live squid found was not brought to the surface until 2006.

Is it possible this strange Ningen isn’t a new creature, but a different kind of giant squid or a deformed giant squid? Like the Ningen, Giant Squids are quite elusive, have massive eyes, barely ever break the surface, have massive bodies, and carcasses of giant squids have been found in all of the world’s oceans, even the Antarctic. In fact, there a specific squid that is called the ‘Colossal’ Squid (M. hamiltoni) that has been found in the Antarctic and the largest specimen ever caught, also the largest cephalopod ever caught alive was also in the Ross Sea in the Antarctic.

Other theories believe that the Ningen may be simple pareidolia, which is the perception of recognizable shapes in a random pattern. Perhaps the Ningen sightings are a result of human-shaped icebergs?

Or, is there a brand new creature that looks strangely human-like trolling the deep?

Thanks to Luke C for the suggestion!

The above image is from Wikimedia commons from AWeith and this file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0.

The Van Meter Visitor

It was a seemingly average day in Van Meter, Iowa on September 29th, 1903. However, the creature known as the Van Meter Visitor would radically alter this average day. The nights of Tuesday, Sept 29th through October 3rd would be filled with terror, shock, and the sound of giant wings flapping in the sky.

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The Van Meter Visitor appeared out of, apparently, nowhere. Which is surprising, considering its size. It was reported by dozens of witnesses as roughly an 8 foot-tall half-man-half-winged-beast. It had a horn on its head that, at the tip, shot out a blinding and disorienting white light. To me, it sounds similar to the Jersey Devil but bigger, especially the detail of leathery wings. Although, unlike the Jersey Devil, the Van Meter Visitor seems to have a development that specifically works to disorient and confuse people that see it. Some people even said the light temporarily blinded them.

The first event took place downtown, right in the heard of the city’s business district which meant many credible witnesses and town pillars came out in defense of seeing the Van Meter Visitor. It’s the first appearance, though, happened at 1am.

U.G. Griffith was the first person, it is believed, to have experienced the Van Meter Visitor. Initially, he thought it was a spotlight moving around a rooftop and woke up annoyed and ready to confront whoever was behind it. When he approached the source of the light, something huge jumped to a different rooftop all the way across the street and then completely disappeared into the night.

The very next night around the same time, Dr. Alcott, the town doctor was fast asleep in a room above his office. Like Griffith, he was also was awoken by a bright light shining into his window. And, also like Griffith, he rushed out to confront whoever was shining that light. Gun in hand, he was shocked to discover the Van Meter Visitor, which he described as a humanoid with bat-like wings. He reported that he also saw that the blinding light came from a blunt horn in the creature’s forehead. Shocked, but still well in control of his faculties, he attempted to shoot the creature down a shocking five times. After firing, he noticed that there was absolutely no effect on the creature and fled back into his home.

Because all bad things come in threes, there is one more experience to go over.

Once again the Van Meter Visitor made his nightly rounds, this time shining his onto a watchful Clarence Dunn. By this time and after two encounters by trusted people in the community rumors were just beginning to swirl. Dunn had heard about Dr. Alcott’s experiences (although it is not clear if he had heard about Griffith’s) and decided to keep watch through the night. He posted up in the bank and brought his shotgun along to keep him company, should the Visitor stop by. Although, he still believed clever burglars were behind the strange sightings. Like the other two men, at around 1am the Van Meter Visitor made himself known. Unlike the other experiences though, this time Dunn said he heard a ‘strangling noise’ outside his home and that is what pushed him to investigate, not a light shining in the window. Almost instantaneously, as he moved to open the door he was hit in close range in the face through the window with the blinding light of the Van Meter Visitor. When the light briefly let up, according to The Bigfoot Diaries interview with the authors of the Van Meter Visitor,  “some kind of great from behind the light.” Dunn, instinctively, fired his shotgun at the mysterious being, right through the bank’s front window. Like the shots by Dr. Alcott, it had no effect on the Visitor. The next morning outside of the bank he saw several sets of three-toed footprints (another call back to the Jersey Devil?) and said he made plaster casts of them, although they have never been found.

More sightings were reported throughout the three days. This includes O.V. White, the owner of a local hardware store, who saw the monster asleep on a telephone pole and tried to shoot it. Interestingly, instead of using his light or making a strangling noise, the Van Meter Visitor expressed his annoyance by releasing a ‘terrible smell’ towards White. Mr. White’s neighbor, Sidney Gregg, also saw the creature at the same time dismount the pole and then fly through town, apparently heading towards the old coal mine on the outskirts of town. Most interestingly and semi-related to the Mothman, rather than the Jersey Devil, is the experience at the mine.

Fed up after three days of their town being terrorized at sundown, several people from Van Meter geared up and headed towards the mines, where Sidney had said the creature had flown to the previous day. By this time, strange noises were being reported coming from the abandoned coal mines.

A local allegedly described these sounds as, “though Satan and a regiment of imps were coming forth for a battle.”  When the men got to the mines, they found the Van Meter Visitor wasn’t alone. Instead, it was accompanied by a second creature (which was spotted emerging from the mine and taking off into the night). Before they could confront either creature, they both had fled.

The men decided to wait to see if the creatures returned. They eventually did and the crowd opened fire on the creatures. Apparently, they didn’t think very much of the previous attempts to bring down the Van Meter Visitor with the gunshot. Once again, despite the increased numbers and firepower, they were still shocked when the creatures were completely immune to their firepower.

Unsure of what to do next or how to handle these creatures that could not be easily brought down, they decided to simply brick up the abandoned mines to ensure that those things could never see the light of day again. Perhaps there was another way out and perhaps they flew away into the night, but they were never seen again in Van Meter.

Thanks to Ander S for the suggestion!

The above image is not directly related to the story. It is by Blondinrikard Fröberg, entitled Spotlight Graveyard live at Liseberg, Göteborg, August 6, 2014. It is licensed under Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)

J’ba Fofi

Through the years tales of a strange creature located deep in the Congo Jungle have arisen. It goes by the name J’ba Fofi and is said to be a spider of incredible size with a 6-foot-across leg span and is said to feast upon monkeys, birds, and even small antelopes. J’ba Fofi translates to the ‘great spider.’

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One of the earliest stories is from R.K. Lloyd and his wife in 1938. It scurried across the road in front of them and they believed, at first glance, it was a monkey scurrying. However, they soon realized it was a gigantic spider.

However, locals have reported seeing this strange creature long before the Lloyds saw them in 1938. In addition to their grotesque size, they are brown in coloring (and said to be darker and darker the older they get) and have a large purple mark on their abdomens. They are said to live similar to the much smaller trapdoor spider (in burrows at ground level).

It is not just their size that makes them dangerous but also the way they hunt. As mentioned above they are able to hunt large prey (or, at least, larger than other spiders’ prey) and they d this by creating intricate and almost invisible webs. These webs are constructed between two trees with a ‘trip line’ across them to alert the spiders when an animal is about to be caught. When the animal hits the trip line they are forced into the web and pounced upon by the J’ba Fofi.

Many locals say that the J’ba Fofi used to be much more prevalent and feared in the area however continued human encroachment, development, and expanse has led them to be seen less and less.

So, why haven’t we seen any? Well, Giant invertebrates were once a reality. So, were the locals seeing the last of a long-preserved but dying breed? Or, had the stories ben passed down for so many generations that perhaps, just maybe, a human did once lay eyes on the J’ba Fofi? Other sources believe that the locals weren’t seeing spiders at all but very large land crabs, similar to the frightfully large coconut crabs. Perhaps the J’ba Fofi is a land crab who, like the coconut crab, burrow underground.

Thanks to John G. for the suggestion!

The above image is unrelated to the story and is by Flickr user patchattack, entitled web. It is licensed under cc-by-sa 2.0.!


Tatzelwurms are creatures of the Alps. Because the Alps criss-cross so many countries, you may also know these strange cryptids by a different name like lindwurm, arassas, or daazelwurm.Tatzelwurms, also known as claw worms, are a strange mix of two creature - a cat and a snake. It makes its home in the mountains and preys on animals and, in some cases, humans.

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According to witnesses and Alpine folklore, Tatzelwurms are typically about two feet at the smallest but can grow up to a massive six feet. The cat-snake takes on the qualities of the snake when it comes to its body. Although it has front legs (clawed), it has no hind legs. Its body is covered in delicate scales and is bereft of hair. Its head and face is where its cat-like qualities come through. It has a large head with two, large eyes. In addition to its powerful body and clawed front legs, it is also able to protect itself by spewing poisonous fumes.

Although the creature has been seen throughout the Alps in Spain, France, and Germany most of the sightings are located in Austria and Switzerland.

Interestingly enough, Cryptid Wiki and Culture Trip were able to show that the Tatzelwurm has been a part of cultural consciousness for sometimes. Surprisingly, “the Tatzelwurm appeared in a Bavarian hunting manual named New Pocket Guild of the Year 1836 for Nature, Forest and Hunting Enthusiasts, enshrining its place in folklore as an unproven fact.”

One of the most infamous experiences with the Tatzelwurm comes from a Swiss photographer named Balkin. While in Meiringen, Switzerland in the Alps, Balkin decided to snap a photo of a logo. However, while setting up his shot the log moved. However, it was later believed that Balkin had faked the photo.

Interestingly enough there has been news of the Tatzelwurm into the 21st century. In 2000 a strange skeleton was sent by a local college and then donated, along with a large donation, to the Geneva Institute. Some scientists (rumors only) that believed it to be the first legitimate example of the Alpine Tatzelwurm. The original owner and donator never came forward and the law firm that handled the transaction, Gunterhaus Ltd. refuses to divulge any information.

There are some interesting theories about what the Tatzelwurm is (if it is not real animal). One of my favorites is that it is a salamander. Perhaps, long ago, a giant salamander roamed the land. This wouldn’t be completely unheard of. In fact, there is a Japanese Giant Salamander that can grow up to 5ft, has a long, thick body and has front claws (however, it also does have back legs although they are smaller than the front legs). This sounds a lot like Balkin and countless others in the Alps have claimed to see. Perhaps it was a leftover ancient creature that was all but dead when humans began inhabiting the Alps and left only a few specimens.

The above image is in the public domain. Caption:
Illustration (fig. X) depicting a mythical "Alpine dragon" from Ouresiphoítes helveticus, sive Itinera per Helvetiæ alpinas regiones facta..., 1723, by Johann Jakob Scheuchzer (1672-1733), illustration to p. 385.It was a four-footed dragon with a catlike face and a crest (German: Haarbusch) on top, and a tail 3 ells long. Encountered by Andreas Roduner ca. 1660 on Wangserberger mountain.[1][2][3][4]It is only one of many unspecified dragons (draco) of the Swiss Alps treated in the original sources (J. J. Wagner and Scheuchzer), but Meurger & Gagnon 1988, p. 266 counts it as an example of Stollenwurm/Tatzelwurm.[5]

Am Fear Liath Mòr

You’ve heard of Yeti and Bigfoot...but what about Scotland’s take on a strange, hairy, large creature that craves solitude? Surprisingly there is one and he inhabits Scotland’s Ben Macdui mountain. His name, Am Fear Liath Mòr is his name, but he is also called the Fear Liath or the Big Grey Man.

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He is typically described as being very large (roughly 8-10 feet tall), his body is covered in short, coarse hair, and he has very broad shoulders. It is also reported that the creature is known to gesticulate wildly with long, ungainly arms. He is usually seen at the summit of Ben Macdui in the Cairngorm mountain, but there have been several sightings off the very top as well.

The most infamous account and sighting of this strange creature was, surprisingly, by a very well-respected scientist and Professor named Norman Collie. His colleagues remarked that he was an “unshakable man certainly not given to flights of fancy.”

At a meeting of the Cairngorm Club in 1925, he told the strange tale of his experience at Ben Macdui over 20 years ago, in 1891.

"I was returning from the cairn on the summit in a mist when I began to think I heard something else than merely the noise of my own footsteps. Every few steps I took I heard a crunch, then another crunch as if someone was walking after me but taking steps three or four times the length of my own. I said to myself 'this is all nonsense'. I listened and heard it again but could see nothing in the mist . As I walked on and the eerie crunch, crunch sounded behind me I was seized with terror and took to my heels, staggering blindly among the boulders for four or five miles nearly down to Rothiemurchus Forest. Whatever you make of it I do not know, but there is something very queer about the top of Ben MacDhui and will not go back there again by myself I know." - Norman Collie, Cairngorm Club, Aberdeen, Scotland, 1925

This is one of the earliest known sightings of Fear Liath, but, as reports: “Having broken his silence Collie discovered that he was not the only person who had experienced something terrifying on these slopes. He received letters from other climbers who had also had this feeling of terror or in some cases who had seen a large dark shape coming towards them on the mountain. This sinister creature has become known as the “Fear Liath” or “Am Fear Liath Mòr”

One of these letters from Dr. A.M. Kellas, who shared his experience on Ben Macdui with his brother. According to ellas, his brother and him had just reached the summit when, shortly after, they saw a large figure making its way towards them. Frightened, even with the distance, the brothers fled when it went into a dip in the summit and made their way down, not wanting to bump into the strange, large creature again.

In a way, this creature seems more similar to the Yeti than Bigfoot in its intents. Like the Yeti, it inhabits a specific location and does not seem to completely hide themselves from humans. In fact, they may even take an interest in keeping humans alive (perhaps, in the mist, the Fear Liath was making sure the Professor was alright).

However, one thing that seems to be unique about Fear Liath, and, perhaps most sad, is the common report of “overwhelmingly negative energy, feelings of despair and fear to the point of those experiencing these feelings wanting to commit suicide.” Some even report a fleeting desire to jump off a cliff close by to many of the sightings called Lairg Ghru Pass. Although the creature, in reports, does not seem to do anything harmful or aggressive towards humans it creates an unshakable sense of dread that is enough to make climbers flee for their lives back down the mountainside.

Some scientists tackled this strange myth and came to an interesting conclusion, according to Historic Mysteries, “There is a phenomenon researchers call a Brocken Spectre, Brocken Bow or Mountain Spectre. It is a trick of light that plays on the eye which makes a person believe an enormous shadow creature is facing the observer. This optical illusion results when a projection of the observer’s own shadow reflects onto a misty mountainside or cloud bank opposite the sun.” Although, it does appear as if this has been tested or recreated on Ben Macdui. So, perhaps the Big Grey Man is up there waiting for you to come across him.

The above is an image of the "Roof of Scotland. Twinned with Mars. The barren lands around the head of the Allt a' Choire Mor just north of the summit of Ben MacDui. The usual route up passes through here, a tricky navigational challenge on a tourist hill. There is a higher place, but it's the area of very high ground that impresses here." taken by Richard Webb and is liscensed under Creative Commons 2.0 Generic.

The Bunyip

Despite its cutesy name, the Bunyip is a beast to be feared. It makes its home primarily in the creeks and swamps of Australia. It is amphibious and has been described in a variety of ways, although the consensus is it has a round head, long neck, and a body that looks something like a cross between an ox and a manatee. A report in the Wagga Advocate in 1872 said ‘it was half as long as a retriever dog... its body was jet black.’ You can tell one is near if you hear "booming or roaring noises" and you should pay heed to these noises, as they are notorious for having a taste for human flesh...especially for women and children.

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Bunyips appear to be nocturnal and does its best work creeping up on animals and humans in the dark. For this reason, Aboriginal tribes were understandably frightened to go near any waterholes, wells, swamps, and waterbeds after dark. 

Long before Europeans ever set foot on Australia, the Aboriginal tribes told tales of the Bunyip. Bill Wannan, a researcher of Australian folkore told the Murray River team, which specializes in tourism, "that old Aborigines told him that the ‘bunyips devoured humans, coming up on them in silence and when least expected."

When Europeans began to land and make contact with Aboriginal tribes they heard tell of the Bunyip. It is believed that Europeans might have, originally, deeply feared the Bunyip. Why? As Folklore Thursday succintly puts it, "Imagine [the First Fleet of British people, half of which were convicts] first reactions to seeing a kangaroo, an echidna or a platypus? No wonder the tales of the Bunyip were accepted by the settlers." After seeing so many strange creature, who were they to take a skeptic route when it came to the Bunyip. 

As noted, eye-witness accounts tend to be spotty regarding a similar description bu they can all agree on one thing...whatever they saw terrified them. 

A newspaper article from 1845 reports, "The Bunyip, then, is represented as uniting the characteristics of a bird and of an alligator. It has a head resembling an emu, with a long bill, at the extremity of which is a transverse projection on each side, with serrated edges like the bone of the stingray. Its body and legs partake of the nature of the alligator. The hind legs are remarkably thick and strong, and the forelegs are much longer, but still of great strength. The extremities are furnished with long claws, but the (natives) say its usual method of killing its prey is by hugging it to death. When in the water it swims like a frog, and when on shore it walks on its hind legs with its head erect, in which position it measures twelve or thirteen feet in height."

The 1800s seemed to be the most popular time for reported Bunyip sightings and a “Bunyip skull” was discovered in 1846 and put on display. However, it was later found out to be a hoax and was likely the skull of a deformed horse or cow.

What are some of the more skeptic approaches to the Bunyip? Well, it might be the "rare appearance of fugitive seals far upstream" and the cry itself might be "that of the bittern marsh bird." Others claim the Bunyip may be an old "cultural memory of the diproodon passed down from the times when mega fauna roamed the Australian landscape." Diprotodons resembled giant wombats and was over three meters long. It might also simply be a cautionary tale to avoid midnight jaunts around swamps one could easily fall and drown in. Real or not, I think an Australian swamp is one of the last places I'd like to be. 



The above image is public domain. 
Caption: ABORIGINAL MYTHS. - THE BUNYIP (caption) - photomechanical reproduction : halftone. State Library of Victoria Accession Number: IAN01/10/90/12 Image Number: mp006089 Notes: Print published in the Illustrated Australian news. Title printed below image l.c. Publication:    Melbourne : David Syme & Co., Engraved in image l.l.: J. Macfarlane

The Hook Island Sea Monster

One of the most interesting types of cryptids to dive into, at least for me, are ocean or water-dwelling cryptids. Mostly because some of these cryptids turn out to be actual animals that exist today, such as the giant squid or the goblin shark. One of the most infamous, photo-captured sea cryptids is the Hook Island Sea Mosnter from 1965.

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First, let's start with a physical description. It is a gigantic sea monster that resembles a terrifyingly ginormous tadpole. It was spotted in Stonehaven Bay, Hook Island, Queensland. Robert Le Serrec, who had a run-in with the monster, said he saw it with his family and his ship-hand in December, 1964.



Robert Le Serrec, as you might have guessed, was a frenchman. His family had recently purchased a motorboat and had decided to stay on the island for several months. The family was crossing Stonehaven bay on December the 12th on their motorboat. While on the boat, Robert’s wife noticed a strange object on the bottom of the lagoon. How strange? Well, it was massive, 30ft long, and shaped like a tadpole.

The family started snapping pictures, and Le Serrec's first mate, de Jong, eventually summoned up enough courage to jump in the water with the intent of filming the creature. Initially, they believed the 75-80ft monster to be dead. But, they were wrong.

When Le Serrec got closer and began filming, the serpent opened its mouth and started moving towards them. Frightened out of their minds, they returned to the safety of their boat. When they got settled back aboard the boat, the creature had fled.

Le Serrec and those aboard also reported seeing a wound on the right side of the creature. They later surmised that the creature may have been wounded by a ships propeller in open or deeper water, and had decided to take refuge in the shallow lagoon to recover. Le Serrec also noted that the sea creature as having eyes on the top of its head (which many debunkers note is uncommon for most sea creatures). The eyes were pale with slit shaped pupils. Its was mainly black in color, with traverse stripes. Its skin appeared smooth, in fact - it's whole body was smooth with no fins or spines. No mention of teeth were made. See below for an image, gotten from a Scientific American article (cited above):



Unsurprisingly, many tried to instantly debunk this theory. Claiming it was somehow photoshopped (despite being from 1960s) or otherwise manipulated. Some even claim that it is likely that the picture is just a clever angle on a large school of fish. However, this is vaguely impossible because of how straight the lines are in the pictures.

Those who "want to believe" but find a rational explanation also guessed that the creature could be a huge swamp eel, from the Synbranchidae family. But...these types of eels rarely grow larger than 150cm. Others guessed that it might be a monster-shaped sheet of plastic, weighed down to create the shape.

The exhaustive and well-researched Scientific American article on this, by Darren Naish, concludes that it was undoubtedly a hoax. "in 1959, Le Serrec had tried to get a group together on an expedition that would prove “financially fruitful”, and that he had “another thing in reserve which will bring in a lot of money… it’s to do with the sea-serpent” (Heuvelmans 1968, p. 534). Incidentally, the film supposedly taken of the creature revealed nothing."


-All Hook Island sea monster pictures were taken from the Scientific American article, as cited above.


Panorama of Hook Island - Niki Gango - Own work

The Soay Island Sea Monster

1959 was, no doubt, an interesting year, even for cryptozoology. As a fan of cryptozoology myself I often think I have read all the best stories on these creatures, their findings, and their origins. However, in this line of work, I find myself always discovering new stories. The one I'm discussing today, the Soay Island Sea Monster, is one of those.


Soay Island lies on the west coast of Scotland and is best known for being slightly south of Skye, fishing...and sheep. In September of 1959, however, it got a bit more exciting. Tex Geddes, a shark fisherman, and James Gavin, an engineer, had a very strange expereince. 

Tex and James heard heavy breathing before they actually saw the Soay monster. Upon going to the edge of the book, they saw a dark, and very large, object from their boat. When it moved a bit closer, they got a closer view of a scaly, apparently hump-backed, creature with what they described as a tortoise-lad head, a large mouth, and a serrated back. 

It is important to note that the accounts of the monster differ slightly between the two men. James had a more moderate approach, claiming the exposed part of the body was somewhere between 6-8 feet, whereas Tex claimed it was closer to 8-10 feet. Tex, humorously, linked it to the head of a donkey in size.

The sighting and accompanied story soon gained traction, and was featured innational news media in outlets such as the Illustrated London News. Tex was the main catalyst for this, and wrote about the encounter to prominent zoologist and writer, Maurice Burton. 

But did they truly seem some kind of primitive sea-dragon, a curiously deformed large animal...or just a sea turtle? Well, writer Darren Naish, who looked into the case, believed it to be the Occam's Razor of answers: a sea turtle. 

According to Naish, some sea turtles are known for having tall(ish) triangular dorsal structures, beak-like mouths, and long necks. However, he does concede that no sea turtles of the sizes the two men reported have ever been round. So, he admits, there is a chance that it is an unknown species of large marine reptile. The proposed existence of a giant sea-turtle is not impossible.

Either way, the story gripped Scotland in the late 1950s and continues to challenge both marine biologists and cryptozoologists today. 


The above image is a picture of the Sea Caves of Soay and are unrelated to the story (besides, well, the fact that it is an image of Soay) taken by John Allan. It is liscensed under creative commons 2.0.

Loch Ness' Hidden Crevices

Has a Scottish former fishermen finally found Nessie's long-searched for home? He thinks so. Link

Keith Stewart's discovery raises more questions than it answers. may also raise questions about how deep world famous Loch Ness really is.

Loch Ness is considered the UK's second deepest lake at 813 feet deep.  However, Stewart has discovered a crevice about 9 miles east of Inverness and he has measured it with state of the art sonar equipment at 889 feet.

One of the biggest reasons this is of such importance to the Nessie community is because of the local legends of underwater caves that connect Loch Ness to other lochs, which explains why Nessie has been so elusive.

Special thanks to listener Brandon Padgett for suggesting this topic!

Picture taken by Flickr user Dave Conner and is licensed under Creative Commons.